THE PROCESS OF PROGRAMMING OR HOW THE POLICIES IN SUPPORT OF EUROPEAN, REGIONAL AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ARE DESIGNED
Similar to all processes of policy decision-making, the process of programming or designing the strategies and policies for development is a cycle of six stages: (а) setting an agenda; (b) policy making; (c) making a decision; (d) implementation; (e) tracking; (f) reformulation.
Key role and responsibilities in this cycle have the national and regional authorities in partnership with the European commission. Still, in foremost part of these six-stages is necessary to involve third parties incl. citizens and their organizations. In particular, the design and implementation of Cohesion policy and the programming of the national strategies for development is implemented as follows:
The programming process is a cycle that has a two-way pattern: “top-down” for goal setting and “bottom-up” for reporting and evaluating the results. The Cohesion policy is the strategic framework that defines the development interests at EU level. It outlines the general objectives to be achieved by the Community over a period of 7 years. On this basis, each Member State should draw up a development strategy that meets its individual needs but also contributes to the overall progress sought.
Further, the national strategy is differentiated by scope and areas of impact and finds expression in the complex of the so-called. “Operational programs”, the total number of which varies. Each of these programs sets general and specific goals, as well as seeks the generation of specific results and effects, the total achievement of which will contribute to the realization of the national ones.